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State museum of Timurids and Amir Temur Monument at the Amir Temur square

State Museum of History of Timurids building became a present architectural decoration of our beloved city as well as the monument erected in the center of the square and named after him.

It was the first monument to Amir Temur, erected in Uzbekistan. Its opening was held on August 31, 1993. The creator of a powerful state and a great military leader, who had known the defeat, is represented wearing royal military clothing and majestically seated on a horse. A big part of his life he spent in the military campaigns. 

His right hand is raised as a sign of protection and defense of the state and its people. There is a popular expression of Amir Temur written on a marble slab at the foot of the monument in four languages: "Strength - in justice". Monument of the powerful ruler that is opened to eyes from all sides makes a strong emotional impression.

The authors of the monument are sculptor Ilkhom and Kamol Jabbarov. In 1994 they were awarded with State Prize of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Literature, Art and Architecture named after Abdulla Kadiri for this outstanding work of monumental sculpture.

The life and activity of Amir Temur and his descendants, such as the great Ulugbek and Babur, can be found by visiting State Museum of History of Timurids which is located next to the square.

After coming to power in 1370, Amir Temur has united the crushed feudal fiefdoms of Mawarannahr (Transoxiana) in a strong centralized state, created favorable conditions for the development of the economy, undermined by decades of Mongol domination. Great construction and irrigation works, restoration of caravan routes, which ensures the safety of movement, are being carried out by his orders. Grandiose monuments that have become masterpieces of Central Asian architecture are being built, art, poetry, crafts are being developed at that time. Amir Temur has created a vast empire, and paid great attention to its capital - the magnificent Samarkand, which was the most comfortable, beautiful and majestic city of the Middle East. "Precious Pearl of the Muslim World", "Face of the Earth", "Shining point of the World" - this is how Samarkand was called by Amir Temur's contemporaries. According to his plan the greatness and beauty of Samarkand were to outshine all cities in the world.

Years of Amir Temur’s grandson Ulugbek reign were a time of art and science heyday. Period of Amir Temur reign has also contributed to the prosperity of our city - Tashkent.

Amir Temur paid special attention to it. Tashkent was in the north-eastern border of his vast state between agricultural oases and nomadic steppe. And here, all the time there was a risk of attack by nomadic tribes Dashti-Kipchak ("Kipchak’s steppe" - the vast territory from the Syrdarya between the rivers Ural, Irtysh, Chu) and Moghulistan (Moghul Khanate, also called the Eastern Chagatai Khanate), which was located at the east of the state. Thanks to the efforts of Amir Temur, Tashkent turned into an unapproachable fortress, where in case of the enemy attack, not only citizens, but also residents of nearby villages could have hide behind its walls.

The era of Amir Temur and Timurids reign has created favorable conditions for the brilliant rise of science, architecture, urban planning, fine and applied arts, literature, poetry, music, performing arts.

1996 - a year of the 660th anniversary of the great commander and ruler - was declared a year of Amir Temur by UNESCO.
On 18th of October, 1996 in a solemn atmosphere, the opening of the State Museum of History of Timurids of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan took place. Citizents of Tashkent, members of foreign embassies and governments have attended the opening ceremony of the museum.

The idea of creating a museum is owned by the First President of our country Islam Karimov. The museum was built in 8 months and has become a unique architectural structure of our city, where the advanced ideas of modern city and the best traditions of unique oriental architecture had joined. Majestic building, made in the form of a royal crown makes an impression. Turquoise ribbed dome, which is characteristic for Samarkand - the capital of Amir Temur Empire, entrance doors are decorated with cunning wood carvings and stained glass. Silver fountains’ flows and bright flower-gardens’ carpets increase the perception of what is seen. Total area of the museum is 5000 sq.m. The main architect of the project of the museum building is Abdukahhar Turdiev, the chief engineer of the project - A. Marin, architects - A. Kasimov and T. Niyazkhodjaev worked with him.

The museum contains historical exhibits, showing the formation of the statehood in the Middle Ages on the territory of Uzbekistan, the time of science, culture and art’s heyday during the reign of Temur and his descendants. The museum's collection has a great historical value and it gives us the spirit of Temur and Timurids reign. A large number of historical paintings of our contemporary artists, dedicated to the period of Amir Temur and his descendants reign contributes to it.

Entering the first great hall of the museum, you will see the grand colorful panel, written in oriental miniature genre that was very popular at the time. The panel is dedicated to Amir Temur’s life and consists of 3 parts, which are "Birth", "Rise", "Pride" and with great brightness reveals the greatness of Amir Temur personality. The authors of this magnificent work are artists of “Sa’on Nafeka” group - Kh.Kadirov, G.Kamolov and T.Baltabaev.

Here you can see the portraits of Timurids princes, rulers of Mawarannahr and Khorakan, which are also made by our contemporary artists, study a copy of the Koran of Othman, which is lying in a large lauh (a collapsible wooden rest for books). And when looking up, you will see the amazing beauty of the dome from the inside, painted in the best traditions of oriental architecture and covered with a very thin layer of gold leaf and the huge magnificent crystal chandelier. Beautiful marble from Gazgan, Kitab, Aktauz and Gazalkent fields is used in framing of stately columns, floor and stairways. All this makes an indelible impression.

And then you will dip into the past after seeing ceramic vessels, bronze objects and coins, porcelain and copper wares, musical instruments, architectural decoration.

Tamara Kazachenko