Everyone knows about the tragedy of the Aral Sea. Once it was the fourth largest lake in the world. Today the Aral has left a "sea" of salt and sand.
(Aral Sea before desiccation)
A person of nature is keen and therefore sometimes in the most lifeless one finds a ray of light and hope. Today, the Aral Sea and its environs are especially popular with local and foreign tourists, directors and photographers. The bottom of the Aral Sea is a sandy desert with a mysterious history, where more questions are born than answers.
Often the city of Muynak, located near the shores of the dried-up Aral Sea, is called a ship cemetery. Here, for several kilometers, you can see the skeletons of ships, barges, which by their appearance give this place a certain puzzle, and possibly romanticism, if it is appropriate.
Muynak is the personification of the Aral tragedy. That's why this place attracts creative people - directors and photographers. Here they shoot clips and photo sessions.
The bottom of the Aral Sea really is an amazing object. After the lake began to dry out, and a huge part of the bottom was exposed, scientists discovered on the site of large water the ruins of two ancient cities, dating from the 11th-14th centuries, the remains of people, animals, trees. This suggests that the level of the Aral Sea has fluctuated before, and most likely the lake has already dried up at least once. Some scientists even compared the Aral with Atlantis, which suddenly went to the seabed.
Even more mysterious were the mysterious geometric figures found at the bottom of the sea, which experts describe as a message from aliens or ancient "letters". These are parallel lines that create certain patterns, symbols. Geoglyphs are located - giant drawings on the ground - on a huge area - almost 20 square kilometers. For the first time these mysterious drawings were discovered in 1990 during the aerial survey of the lower reaches of the Syr Darya. Almost all scientists agree that these patterns have an extraterrestrial nature and could not simply be abandoned by people or, for example, ships and icebergs. Aral geoglyphs are only visible from a bird's eye view, but this does not stop people who believe in an extraterrestrial civilization that left this message to humanity.
These facts are of particular interest to local and foreign tourists, who with special zeal make tours in the Aral Sea area. It should be noted that it is extremely dangerous to go to the bottom of the Aral Sea independently, as there are no paved roads or trails and any signs. Tours should be carried out with a professional guide, who is well-known for all directions of Aralkum - as the locals call the desolate bottom of the sea.
The sight of a rusty ship in the middle of the desert, which once was the bottom of the lake, leaves an indelible impression on tourists. Imagination begins to draw pictures of great water, a salty wind, a cry of seagulls and a ship floating on the waves.
Up until the 60s of the last century, the ships of the Aral Sea were navigating, and 34 species of fish inhabited the water. Today it is difficult to believe in this, since the Aral is divided into two isolated reservoirs - the Northern (Small) and the Southern (Large) Aral Sea.
The sea has decreased fourfold in half a century. Today, to get to the water you need to overcome about 200 kilometers along the bottom of the Aral Sea or the newly formed desert of Aralkum. At the water's edge clay silt goes three meters deep. It is believed that this clay has medicinal properties.
Usually the first stop to the target is Lake Sudoche. It used to be part of the Aral Sea. Now this freshwater lake, which supplies local residents with water.
Further on the way, through dozens of mirages, there is a former Renaissance island, now a peninsula. In 2009, it fully merged with the mainland.
The whole area in the district resembles the "Martian" landscapes. This sad attraction has a special impact on people, here as nowhere with special vividness are the questions - "Who are we on this Earth? What is our mission? What is the meaning of life?". Perhaps the answers can be found at the birch water edge, diligently struggling for life.