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History of Tashkent

Tashkent - the capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Central Asia's largest city with a population of more than 2.6 million people.. It is a city of twenty-two centuries. The first information about Tashkent (earlier name - Shash, Chach, Binkat) belongs to the second century BC. Archaeological excavations have shown that the place of modern Tashkent was an ancient city, which continued to exist as a developed and a shopping center East, located in the northern part of the Great Silk Road.

In the Middle Ages it became the center of Tashkent agricultural oasis city of artisans and craftsmen, a powerful fortress on the northern border with the nomads. These ancient structures as the Barak-Khan (now here is the residence of the head of the Mufti of Muslims of Uzbekistan -duhovnogo), Kukeldash, Jami mosque and mausoleum Kaffal Shashi preserved in this city.

After the terrible earthquake in 1966 the town was almost completely destroyed. He rose from the ruins and became one of the most beautiful cities of Central Asia, the cultural, scientific and industrial center.

Modern Tashkent - a beautiful oriental city with its unique architecture, hospitable and friendly people. Tashkent - the greenest city in Asia, with many parks, fountains, colorful souks and magnificent office buildings. Hundreds of international meetings, symposia, congresses and festivals held each year in Tashkent. Tashkent - international air gateway of Uzbekistan and Central Asia, which link direct flights to more than 25 countries around the world.

Tashkent subway lines - the only one in Central Asia - stretch for 47 km, and the richness of marble finishing stations are considered the most beautiful in the world.

Construction of metro in Tashkent began in 1973. The first part Chilanzar line (from "Sabir Rahimov" to "Amir Timur" station station) c 9 stations was launched in November 6th, 1977 It is now operating three lines - Chilanzar, Uzbekistanskaya and Yunus-Abad.

In Tashkent, there are two large market and many smaller regional markets. Here you will see the present Asian luxury. Great fun to visit the markets especially in the summer, enjoying all the variety of colors and great smells of spices. Sometimes it is noisy and crowded. Here you can buy everything: vegetables, fruit, potatoes and meat, as well as beer, soft drinks and alcoholic drinks, shoes, clothes, carpets, etc. You should visit them all the time to know what they sell and find what you need. It is customary when buying at bargain prices.

Modern Tashkent attractions include a number of museums dedicated to art, history, antiquity, literature, geology, rail and outstanding representatives of the nation.

Tashkent has a rich cultural life, there are many different theaters: the Theater of Opera and Ballet. A. Navoi, a few theaters, musical and puppet theater, the Operetta Theater.

On Bunyodkor Square is a large concert hall, called the palace Istiklol. Behind the palace stretches National Park, central avenue which leads to the rotunda, where installed Alisher Navoi monument. It also built the building of the Oliy Majlis with a bright blue dome (the Parliament of the Republic of Uzbekistan).

One of the places of interest in Tashkent is an Aqua park with several swimming pools and sliding ladders. Near the Aqua Park is a local Disney-Land.

TV Tower is located not far from here, has a height of 375 m. It has an observation deck and revolving restaurant two.

In the years of independence in Tashkent it was built many modern business - building - building of the Business Center, the National Bank of Uzbekistan, Exchange, etc. The coated mirror glass, they have changed the city.