On the left bank of the Aksu River in the south-western foothills of the Zeravshan Range there is the city of Kitab, which is the regional center of the Kashkadarya region in the Republic of Uzbekistan. There is a railway station nearby. Kitab and the capital of the republic share 500 kilometers. Kitab was awarded the status of the city in 1976.
In the middle of the 19th century, the city belonged to Karshi bek, which was part of the Bukhara emirate. In 1868, its rulers were dependent on Russian Empire, having received the status of a protectorate. In the same year, the people's unrest began against the ruling emir, connected with the elevation to the throne of his heir. In 1870 rebellious cities, including Kitab, were captured by Russian troops led by General Abramov. As a result, the city was again annexed to Bukhara.
Territory of the modern city stretches along the Great Uzbek tract. At present, a silk weaving factory, fruit canning and winemaking factories are operating in Kitab. The production of local wine began in the 40s of the 20th century. In those days, Tatars which were deported from Crimea were engaged in it. The local places are famous for canned goods from various fruits grown in urban gardens.
Besides that, enterprises on the processing of wool and the production of yarn are operating in Kitab, as well as bakery products. The extraction of sand and gravel is under way. The marble stone is extracted and processed. Transport companies of private ownership represent their services. Firms and companies are engaged in the sale of products manufactured in the city.
Private agricultural organizations grow vegetables and fruits with its further sale. The city is famous for the international latitudinal station, which was established in 1930. The purpose of its creation was to study the motion of the poles of the Earth. The operating station is a branch of the Institute of Astronomy of the Uzbek Academy of Sciences. The well-known city’s native is the winner of the World Judo Championship in 2003 and the Olympics in 2008, Movlud Mustafa oglu Miraliyev.
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