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History of Urgut

Urgut is a small town. It is "lost" in the eastern part of the Zeravshan River valley between Turkestan (in the north) and Zeravshan (in the south) ranges.
Urgut never played an important role in history, although it is considered as one of the ancient cities of Uzbekistan. It is noteworthy that some communities of Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan are separating themselves into a separate ethnic community - Urgutlik, linking their origin with the city of Urgut. This shows the originality of this city’s culture.

The toponym Urgut was "appeared" in the 17th century. It was associated with one of the tribe clans of Uzbeks of those times. The very same settlement appeared in the foothills of the Zeravshan range earlier. It is known that in the late Middle Ages, Urgut was a fortified fortress that controlled the way to Shakhrisabz. In the days of the Bukhara emirate, Urgut was first the center of the province (bekstvo), and then for a while existed as a formally independent Bekstvo, submitting to Bukhara only nominally. Since the 18th century, Urgut was ruled by Uzbek military mingi governors. Russian troops during the war with the Bukhara emirate seized a strategic fortress (1868). Now Ugrut is the center of the region.

The cultural heritage of Urgut allows us to talk about it as a potential tourist center. Firstly, Urgut is a city of traditional crafts (pottery, carpet weaving) and a large oriental bazaar. Secondly, there are several amazing objects in the city and its surroundings. The main attraction of Urgut is Char Chinor (Four Chinars). It is a garden of giant ancient plane trees (chinaras), the age of some exceeds one thousand years. They grow near a sacred spring in a protected tract.

There is a picturesque plateau of Shaitan Jiga, or the Helmet of the Devil in the vicinity of Urgut. The area is shrouded in various legends, and the natural outlines of rocks are amazing. Since 1996, the remains of a Christian Nestorian church of the 9th century, which were considered semi-legendary, were discovered.

In addition to its archaeological and natural attractions, Urgut is famous for its clean air, which has contributed to the emergence of several recreation centers in the city. The mountains near Urgut are replete with cave labyrinths and are revered by speleologists.